Whether you are a first-time backpacker or a seasoned veteran, everyone likes a good list. Our detailed checklist below covers everything from critical backpacking equipment (tent, pack, sleeping bag, etc.) to hiking footwear and clothing, optional items, and extras not to forget. For more information on each product category, many of the headings link to our detailed product round-ups, which are the result of years of testing and opinions (we do love backpacking). And for all our product recommendations in one place, see the landing page for our hiking and backpacking gear reviews.
Your tent serves both as protection from outside elements and a refuge while sleeping in the backcountry. In terms of weight, most 3-season backpacking tents range from 2 to 5 pounds for a 2-person model (the most popular size), although there are a number of minimalist shelters that are even less than that. And keep an eye on things like interior space, durability, and doors and vestibules. Our top backpacking tent choice for 2018 is the Nemo Dagger, which checks off all of the boxes: it’s lightweight at 3 pounds 5 ounces, spacious, well built, and easy to set up.
Similar to tents, backpacking packs range from ultralight to fully featured models designed for comfort and carrying large loads. When deciding on volume, most overnight packs run from 40 to 75 liters, and your decision should come down to the length of your trip, how bulky your gear is, and how much you like to bring along. For most backpackers, we recommend a pack in the 60 to 70-liter range, and our favorite model for 2018 is the men's Osprey Atmos AG and women's Osprey Aura AG. This pack is comfortable, durable, breathable, and has great organization.
3. Sleeping Bag
The last thing you want after a long day on the trail is a restless, cold night. A quality sleeping bag is one of the most expensive purchases you’ll make, but it can last for many years if treated well. Sleeping bags can be roomy or streamlined, from plush mummy bags to lightweight summer quilts, and are available in both down and synthetic builds. If you have the budget, we love down-specialist Feathered Friends and the Swallow Nano 20 in particular. REI makes a number of very competitive bags as well, including the popular Magma.
4. Sleeping Pad
Once you’ve chosen your bag, next up is your sleeping pad. In addition to comfort considerations, sleeping pads help insulate your body from the cold ground (the higher the R-value, the more insulation a pad offers). In terms of pad models, Therm-a-Rest has been leading the charge for decades, and their lightweight and well-built NeoAir XLite is a popular choice for backcountry travelers (we see it used more than any other pad by far). We’ve also had good luck with the REI Flash, which is comfortable, a good value, and has held up after multiple backpacking trips.
Whether you’re making gourmet dinners or eating prepackaged dehydrated meals, you’ll need a way to heat it all up. Backpacking stoves range from inexpensive and compact (some weigh less than 2 ounces) to robust and powerful. Key considerations include the fuel type (options range from isobutane/propane canisters to multi-fuel stoves), and stove design (simple screw-on stoves that require a pot to all-in-one stove systems). Our top overall pick for 2018 is the MSR WindBurner, which boils water fast and works great in the wind. For a lighter and more minimalist option, the MSR Pocket Rocket 2 is compact, lightweight, and inexpensive.
Don’t forget dinner (or lunch, or breakfast, or snacks). The good news for backpackers is that dehydrated food has gotten pretty darn good of late: it’s less salty, more nutritious, and tastes better than ever. And a nice perk: dehydrated meals mean less cooking and no dishes to clean—simply boil water and eat. Our personal favorite brand is Good To-Go, which does a great job at mimicking real food. Other top options include Mountain House, Backpacker’s Pantry, and AlpineAir. These companies also make hot breakfasts (we just eat bars or trail mix sometimes instead), and lunch can be anything from pre-made sandwiches to cheese and crackers or just trail mix. Regardless of your food choices, it’s a good idea to lay out your food meal by meal to make sure it’s all there, and we always pack an extra meal or two in case the trip takes longer than expected or we get extra hungry. And you can never have too many bars (or backup Clif Bar Bloks for an energy boost).
7. Cookware and Utensils
Given the increase in the quality of dehydrated backpacking meals, many people use an all-in-one stove system to boil water and eat their meals straight out of the bag. For these folks, a separate pot isn’t necessary and all you need is a spork for eating and possibly a lightweight cup for coffee, tea, or other beverages. If you use a simple screw-on stove, you will need a separate pot for cooking and a dish to eat your food out of. Backpacking cookware options range from budget to ultralight and pricey, but there are a good number of middle-of-the-road systems from brands like GSI Outdoors, MSR, and Snow Peak as well.
The choices for backcountry water treatment are numerous: there are gravity filters, pumps, UV and chemical options, and emergency straws. In addition, some filter water while others offer full-on purification, which is best in high-use areas where animal or human waste is a concern. We’ve used just about every type of water filtration system on the market, and our favorite is the Platypus GravityWorks 4L. This system is fast and convenient: you simply fill up the dirty water bag, hang it from a branch or rock, and let gravity do the work. For solo backpackers and day hikers, a minimalist pump or simple chemical drops may do the trick.
Water storage is essential for hydration on the trail. Some people prefer standard bottles, while others carry a reservoir in their pack with a hose for convenient drinking while on the go. Water bottles come in a variety of styles, from BPA-free plastic and stainless steel to soft-sided collapsible bottles. If you’re looking for a lightweight and affordable option, the classic Wide Mouth Nalgene remains one of our favorites, year after year.
A headlamp is a small yet vital piece of gear (if you ever forget one, you probably won’t do it a second time). Some folks require a high-performance headlamp for climbing or other nighttime adventures, but most backpackers can get a quality light that is plenty bright for around $40. Our top overall pick is the Black Diamond Spot, which strikes a nice balance between brightness, durability, and affordability. When making your decision, keep an eye out for lumens (the amount of light emitted but the headlamp) and battery life (the manufacturer-provided number should be thought of as the absolute maximum).
11. Navigation: Map, App, or GPS
Paper maps are the classic choice for navigation, while GPS (via watch or handheld device) have become popular among those who like the extra piece of mind. In addition, many smartphones now have hiking apps that can serve roughly the same purpose of a GPS (make sure to check on connectivity requirements beforehand). Regardless, it’s very important to get oriented for your trip and always have a good idea of where you are on the trail.
12. First Aid Kit
Regardless of the length of your backpacking trip, bringing some kind of First Aid is a smart idea. At the very least, we carry basic medications, band aids and/or bandages, and duct tape (you would be amazed at the versatility of duct tape, and we just wrap a small amount around a pencil or stick to save weight). If you’re looking for a full kit, REI sells a number of them, including an ultralight and waterproof Adventure Medical Kit for less than $20.
13. Hiking Boots or Hiking Shoes
There’s a good argument that no piece of gear is more important than footwear. In general, the market is moving away from stiff, high-top models to more agile hiking boots and shoes that are light and comfortable. In virtually all categories of hiking footwear, we think Salomon nails it: the burly Quest 4D 3 GTX is the top hiking boot on the market in our opinion, and the X Ultra 3 GTX is a lower-cut and lighter shoe for those that prefer to go that route. And a growing number of thru-hikers, ultralighters, and even casual backpackers wear trail-running shoes on their hiking adventures.
14. Hiking Socks
It doesn’t matter what hiking boot or shoe you choose if you don’t have a good pair of socks to accompany it. Our favorite socks all are made of merino wool, an extremely comfortably material that offers premium temperature regulation, moisture wicking, and odor resistance. The height and level of cushion of your sock can vary, but for hiking trips we like the Darn Tough Micro Crew Cushion. With a premium build and lifetime guarantee to back it up, you can’t go wrong with Darn Tough.
15. Hiking Pants
Whether you need serious protection while bushwhacking or a more breathable model for warm conditions, your hiking pants matter. Most backpackers want their pants to be durable, comfortable, and offer good freedom of movement with a little stretch. In 2018, many pants have features like weather resistant fabrics, articulated knees, zip-off legs, and an assortment of pockets. Our favorite all-around hiking pant is the Outdoor Research Ferrosi, which hits a really nice balance of comfort and performance.
16. Hiking Shirt(s)
Similar to hiking pants above, your shirt choice largely is a matter of personal preference. The good news is there are plenty of options, from high-end and lightweight wool shirts like the Smartwool Merino 150 to much cheaper synthetics from a number of brands. You can also go short or long sleeve, the latter of which is nice for sun and bug protection or in cooler conditions.
17. Rain Jacket
Even if there’s no rain in the forecast, it’s always a good idea to carry a waterproof shell on a backpacking trip. The two main categories are rain jackets (the most common and economical choice) or full-on hardshells, which are built for extended forays in tough conditions. For most summer backpackers, a lightweight rain jacket like the Marmot PreCip will do the trick, which weighs just 10.5 ounces and offers decent wind and waterproofness and breathability. If you’re really pushing the limits, see our article on the best hardshells.
18. Down Jacket or Synthetic Jacket
For early mornings or when you’re finished backpacking for the day, your insulation piece is critical (and we often sleep in ours for extra warmth). A lightweight down jacket is the ultimate in terms of warmth-to-weight ratio and packability, while synthetic-insulated jackets won’t stuff down as small but insulate better when wet. Our favorite overall down jacket is the Arc’teryx Cerium LT, which is extremely well built, comfortable, warm, and impressively light and compressible.
Baselayers often get overlooked, but they are an easy and compact way to add warmth while hiking or in your tent. Most baselayers are made of either ultra soft and odor resistant merino wool, or durable but less comfortable (and less expensive) polyester. Our top pick for 2018 is the Smartwool NTS Mid 250 Zip T, which is warm, soft, moisture wicking, odor repelling, and even UPF 50+. Put simply, that layer pretty much does it all.
20. Trekking Poles
We’re seeing more and more trekking poles on the trail, and it’s no secret why. This simple addition to your backpacking kit takes a lot of pressure off your knees and feet and makes hiking easier overall. Take your pick between folding and telescoping options, aluminum and carbon, and foam and cork grips. Our top choice for 2018 is the Black Diamond Alpine Carbon Cork, an impressively high-quality pole that strikes a nice balance between weight and durability.
Whether you carry only your smartphone or decide to bring a dedicated camera, it’s fun and rewarding to be able to capture photos of your trip. We get asked about hiking cameras all the time and there is no simple answer: professional-grade cameras are heavy and expensive, but also take far better photos than point-and-shoots and other compacts. Mirrorless interchangeable-cameras in particular have become increasingly popular in recent years, and we carry the Sony A7R III on our backpacking adventures. No matter your camera choice, have fun and take lots of photos.
Again, sunglasses are largely about personal preference and the conditions, but many backpackers do wear them. Eyewear can help when it’s bright, do a nice job at keeping dirt out of your eyes when it’s windy, and are almost mandatory when spending extended periods of time near snow or on glaciers. Options range from casual to multi-sport, with brands like Oakley, Smith, and Native leading the charge. And if you have the budget, polarized glasses do a really nice job of reducing glare, particularly on water and snow.
23. Beanie and/or Gloves
When the temperature drops, a beanie and gloves can make your backpacking trip a lot more comfortable. And if you’re not bringing a hooded insulation piece or are using a backpacking quilt instead of a full-on sleeping bag, a beanie is essential. Over the years, we’ve been pleasantly surprised at how much we depend on our hat when backpacking (think chilly mornings and nights), and gloves are a really nice touch in cold and windy weather.
24. Backpacking Chair
A backpacking chair is a really easy item to leave in your car because it seems unnecessary at the trailhead, but you’ll be jealous of your campmates who brought one. At just 1 pound all-in, an ultralight chair like the Helinox Chair Zero gets you off the ground, offers nice back support, keeps your rear dry, and packs down small enough to fit in the water bottle holster of your pack. Here’s how we decide on bringing a backpacking chair: if the hike is long or there are enough natural things to sit on (downed trees and large rocks), we often pass at bringing a chair. If the hike is short and comfort is a priority, it’s a really fun item to have along.
25. Camp Shoes
When a long day of backpacking is over, nothing feels better than taking your sweaty hiking shoes or boots off for some fresh camp footwear. We’ve seen just about every type of camp shoes you can imagine, from Crocs and outdoor sandals to minimalist trail runners. It’s true that bringing extra shoes adds weight to your pack and you can survive without them, but they sure make a nice luxury item to bring along for the trip.
Our list above covers the big essentials, but forgetting matches or sunscreen could be just as much of a trip-ender as leaving behind your sleeping bag. Here are a few more bits and pieces to make sure you have in your pack before you take to the hills. Happy trails!
- Gas for your backpacking stove
- Lighter or/matches
- Knife or multi-tool
- Extra batteries for your headlamp
- Hygiene items (toilet paper, body wipes, etc.)
- Lip balm
- Toothbrush and toothpaste
- Insect repellant
- Garbage bag
- Book or Kindle
- Bear canister (if required or necessary)
Perhaps our Seattle roots makes us biased, but we do much of our gear shopping at REI Co-op. The selection is excellent, the return policy is generous (make sure not to abuse it if you want it to continue), the staff generally are knowledgeable and helpful, and you get the brick and mortar bonus. A good option for online shopping is Backcountry.com, which has free 2-day shipping on orders over $50 and solid selection overall (we use Backcountry more for winter purchases but it does well in the hiking/camping world as well). For cheaper items and those who need gear quickly, it’s hard to beat Amazon.com and the sheer volume of sellers and product options. Last but not least, we always support buying gear at your local shop. It’s a great way to support the community, get real information about your trip, and be able to try things on in person.