As a beginning climber, the last thing you want to spend your time worrying about is your shoes, or the poor feet you’ve crammed into them on somebody’s bad advice. That’s why we’ve taken the time to write this article. Not only does it give beginners a plethora of excellent climbing shoe options, but it answers some very important questions that you may have about climbing shoes. From sizing, materials, price considerations, and transitioning into more advanced models, our buying advice and comparison table cover everything you need to know to get shoes on your feet and get you on the wall. If you’re ready to take the next step, check out our article on the best overall climbing shoes on the market.
Ability level: Beginner to intermediate
What we like: A great price for a well-designed and well-built shoe.
What we don't: Moderate downturn means this shoe won’t excel on vertical or overhanging terrain.
Butora entered the climbing shoe world only a few years ago, but the company already is well-known for their innovative designs and premium builds. The Endeavor is Butora’s top entry-level model, and with noticeable attention to detail, a high level of comfort, and a relatively low price tag, it has secured its place as our favorite beginner model. Further, it’s made on a slightly downturned last, meaning the shoe is a bit more performance-oriented than others on the list, which is a good thing if you plan on progressing in your climbing.
If you have a hard time finding shoes that fit, the Endeavor is an especially versatile option. Both the men’s and women’s versions come in two widths (wide and narrow), and the Velcro straps have multiple adjustment points to snug up to a variety of foot sizes, even as the shoe stretches. And for those just starting out, we love the comfort-focused build, which includes an odor-minimizing hemp liner (great for gym climbing) and soft, memory foam tongue. Quick learners or crack climbers might want to look elsewhere (lace-ups are more appropriate when you’re jamming your feet in cracks), but the Endeavor nevertheless strikes an excellent balance for those who prioritize price, performance, and comfort.
See the Men's Butora Endeavor See the Women's Butora Endeavor
Best Beginner Shoe for Outdoor Climbing
Ability level: Beginner to intermediate
What we like: Durable and incredibly well-made.
What we don't: Pricey; not good for steep bouldering or face climbing.
It shouldn’t come as a surprise that the La Sportiva Mythos makes an appearance near the top of this list. Many beginner-oriented climbing shoes are very apparently built with novices in mind, and all too often this means reduced craftsmanship and lower-quality materials to increase the bottom line. The Mythos, however, prioritizes quality. At the time of its release, it was a top shoe for trad climbers, and since then, it has become a dependable shoe for those new to the outdoors.
The Mythos’ success as a beginner shoe stems from its versatility on different kinds of terrain. As a climbing novice, you likely don’t know yet whether you prefer cracks or face, boulders or roped climbing, the gym or real rock. Getting an all-rounder like the Mythos is the best way to hedge your bets and be covered in most scenarios. Whereas many beginner shoes are made with the gym in mind, the Mythos is built to withstand the rigors of outdoor climbing: even after shoving it relentlessly into cracks, the stitching stays strong and the leather remains superbly comfortable and durable. And good news for the eco-minded consumer: La Sportiva also makes the Mythos Eco, an alternative constructed with 95-percent recycled materials.
See the Men's La Sportiva Mythos See the Women's La Sportiva Mythos
Best Beginner Shoe for Gym Climbing
Ability level: Beginner
What we like: Washable, breathable, durable, and comfortable: a total gym workhorse.
What we don't: Not a high-performance shoe.
Any climbing shoe will get the job done in the gym, but some models are purpose-built for the indoor environment. These models share a few common features, including breathable uppers, durable soles (you get a lot more mileage in the gym than outside), and comfortable builds. Our favorite beginner shoe for gym climbers, the La Sportiva Oxygym, checks all these boxes and then some, with a 5-millimeter FriXion RS sole (most soles are 4mm or less), flat and roomy build, odor-resistant liner, and airy mesh upper. And the cherry on top is the 100-percent-washable design—when it starts to feel grimy, just throw the Oxygym in the machine and have a good-as-new shoe once it dries.
Like the Tarantulace below (which shares a similar high-volume build and durable sole), the Oxygym is decidedly not a high-performance shoe. If you think you might catch on quickly and climb the grades (literally), we’d recommend a tighter-fitting model with stickier rubber, such as the Endeavor above or Origin below. But for climbers in need of a shoe they can put on and keep on throughout a session at the gym, the Oxygym is both comfortable and breathable. It’s not the cheapest beginner option at $99, but the washable design lends a lot of versatility (this is great shoe for rental fleets and kids’ programs). And within this category, it’s also worth checking out Scarpa’s new Reflex V ($89), another washable gym shoe that features a unique, sock-like fit.
See the Men's La Sportiva Oxygym See the Women's La Sportiva Oxygym
A Soft Shoe Great for Bouldering
Ability level: Beginner
What we like: A durable, time-tested classic that’s great for steep climbing.
What we don’t: Nothing about this shoe really stands out.
Evolv is the embodiment of “slow and steady wins the race:” while they don’t often knock it out of the park, they do quietly and consistently churn out good shoes. If you’re looking for contenders at reasonable prices (compared to top models from La Sportiva, Scarpa, and Five Ten), Evolv’s shoes might be the answer. And the Defy is no exception.
The Defy (and the women’s Elektra) is Evolv’s all-time best-selling shoe, and you certainly won’t be the only climber in the gym sporting it. These kicks are comfortable straight out of the box thanks to their flat profile and no-stretch synthetic upper. But don’t let their lack of aggressive downturn fool you: they are also very soft and highly flexible, excelling even on steep terrain. Keep in mind that this build will tax your feet a bit more than stiffer shoes or those with a built-in arch, making it a better option for short sport burns and bouldering than multi-pitch climbing or all-day wear.
See the Men's Evolv Defy See the Women's Evolv Elektra
Best Beginner Climbing Shoe for Quick Learners
Ability level: Intermediate to advanced
What we like: An impressive mix of comfort and performance.
What we don’t: Expensive for beginner climbers.
For quick learners, good athletes, and those who plan on taking rock climbing seriously, buying an intermediate-level shoe right off the bat isn’t necessarily a bad idea. Ideally, you want something comfortable (it takes a while to build up your foot’s pain tolerance) but still performance-oriented and versatile for a variety of climbing styles and rock types. Among the range of options, Scarpa’s popular Vapor V fits the bill better than most, with a moderately downturned last and all-day wearability thanks to the soft suede upper and mesh-gusseted tongue (it’s also great for wide feet). This is a go-to shoe for advanced climbers tackling long multi-pitch routes, which speaks volumes about its comfort and all-around performance.
Before you shell out $179 on a climbing shoe, it’s important to consider whether or not the Vapor V is a good fit for you. With only 3.5 millimeters of rubber (most shoes have at least 4mm, while ultra-durable beginner models like the Oxygym above have 5), you’ll want to have fairly good footwork right off the bat. Further, if you know you’ll be climbing primarily in the gym or on steep boulders, you might want to go for an even softer or more downturned model (such as the La Sportiva Skwama or Scarpa Veloce below). That said, we’ve been impressed by the Vapor V’s capabilities on everything from edging and smearing to hooking and toeing in on overhanging terrain. And for similar comfort and performance in a flat-lasted design, check out Scarpa’s Force V below.
See the Men's Scarpa Vapor V See the Women's Scarpa Vapor V
Best of the Rest
Ability level: Beginner to intermediate
What we like: Extremely comfortable and well-thought-out design.
What we don’t: Neutral last might hold back more intermediate climbers.
Scarpa’s legendary designer Heinz Mariacher, the brains behind uber-high-performing shoes like the Drago, doesn’t stop at elite. In an effort to encourage more and more folks to start climbing, Mariacher set out to design the perfect beginner shoe. Enter the Scarpa Origin. Its superior comfort is immediately noticeable, and the padded tongue gives the shoe a pillow-like feel. And while the last is flat, the sole is stiff enough to provide decent support.
The Origin is essentially Scarpa’s answer to the Evolv Defy above, one of the world’s best-selling beginner climbing shoes. In fact, we think the Origin is better-designed and made with higher-quality materials, all for just $11 more. But as far as performance goes, the two have very different strong suits: whereas the Defy is great for gym climbing and outdoor bouldering, the Origin’s stable sole and cushioned upper make it a better fit for high-mileage and multi-pitch days (the generous 5mm outsole helps). On steep or technical terrain, expect the shoe to feel clunky and imprecise.
See the Men's Scarpa Origin See the Women's Scarpa Origin
Ability level: Beginner
What we like: Durable, inexpensive, and well-built.
What we don’t: Unisex and only comes in one width.
Butora makes our favorite shoe for beginners (the Endeavor above), but their Advance isn’t far behind. Like the Endeavor, the Advance uses premium materials, but the real highlights here come in the form of durability and savings. For just $79 (a considerable $21 less than the Endeavor), the lace-up Advance is built to last you well into your climbing career, with features like a robust midsole that holds its shape over time and added reinforcements around the lacing and toe box to guard against abrasion. This all adds up to one of the best values for beginner to intermediate outdoor and gym climbers alike.
But in the end, the Advance is still an entry-level shoe. It only comes in one width and one unisex design, meaning it’s not the best option for those with particularly high- or low-volume feet. And while the knit upper is great for breathability and comfort, it won’t conform to your foot like leather. But if the shoe fits, you won’t find a better-made option at this price point—in fact, it offers significantly better performance than the Mad Rock Drifter ($75) below.
See the Butora Advance
Ability level: Beginner to intermediate
What we like: Good performance shoe to help push into harder grades.
What we don’t: A bit more specialized than other entry-level shoes.
You can’t argue with Italian craftsmanship, and Scarpa shoes are almost always outstanding across the board. That said, their beginner trad shoe—the Helix—is a bit more specialized than others on this list, and is truly for climbers with some experience. The good news is that many beginners progress quickly, and if you’re one of them, this shoe is a first-rate choice.
The Helix has been in Scarpa’s lineup for years, and it’s easy to see why. It perfectly blends comfort and performance for moderate-to-long alpine and trad routes (Scarpa even boasts that the Helix is a secret weapon for guides, and we believe them). The comfortable leather upper and padded tongue support all-day use, while the slightly asymmetrical fit and XS Edge rubber ensure you’ll be able to stick the tricky crux of the route. In fact, these shoes could go head-to-head with the Mythos in almost every category—but we do think La Sportiva’s beginner trad shoe offers a more customizable fit for a variety of foot sizes.
See the Men's Scarpa Helix See the Women's Scarpa Helix
Ability level: Beginner to advanced
What we like: An incredible all-around climbing slipper.
What we don’t: Stretches a lot; some complain of a hot spot in the heel.
And now for something a little different: a slipper. Rather than a more common Velcro or lace closure, slippers use slits of elastic near the ankle to fit closer to the foot. They are exceptionally comfortable, quick to get on and off, and will progressively conform to your foot to eventually fit like a glove. The new Evolv Rave is one of our favorite slippers for both indoor and outdoor climbing, replacing the since-discontinued Addict with a slightly reworked last and snugger-fitting heel (baggy heels are a common weak point in slippers). All in all, this leather shoe offers a great combination of comfort and performance at a very reasonable price point.
No laces or Velcro straps means the Rave fits without impediment into cracks of all sizes, while the flexible sole and leather upper make it a fantastic slab climber too. And as we touched on above, it’s incredibly easy to get on and off so you can rest your feet in between burns at the gym. Keep in mind that not everyone is a fan of slippered climbing shoes—they don’t offer as much of a customizable fit as Velcro or lace closures, and some (especially beginner crack climbers) will appreciate some padding over the Rave’s unlined interior. But for those who prioritize comfort and convenience, this is one of the best slippers on the market.
See the Evolv Rave
Ability level: Beginner
What we like: Knit upper offers great breathability.
What we don’t: The closure is poorly designed, resulting in pressure points on the top of the foot.
Black Diamond has been a leader and innovator in climbing gear for decades, but more recently made its debut into the world of climbing shoes. The Momentum is a flat, entry-level model similar to the Scarpa Origin and Evolv Defy above, but with a few important differences that make it a laudable choice for the gym. Most notably, the stretchy knit upper breathes well in sweaty indoor environments, and Neo Fuse rubber is a durable choice for high-volume gym climbing. And BD added a vegan Momentum to their lineup, so now there’s something for everyone.
Unfortunately, the design of the Velcro closure on the Momentum is substandard. We dealt with bunched-up fabric and pesky pressure points when we were anything less than meticulous in tightening up the shoe (BD has a lace-up alternative that might be a better option). Further, the flat last may hold you back from progressing like you might in a slightly downturned shoe like the Endeavor. Overall, we expect Black Diamond to be working out some of the kinks in their shoe lineup throughout the next few years, but the Momentum is a solid first iteration of a gym-climbing workhorse... Read in-depth review
See the Men's Black Diamond Momentum See the Women's Black Diamond Momentum
Ability level: Beginner to intermediate
What we like: A high-performance beginner shoe for the gym.
What we don't: Expensive and not all that versatile.
In years past, beginners typically cut their teeth on low-angle slabs outside, where flat and stiff shoes like the Endeavor and Origin above shine. But with more and more climbers getting their first taste of the sport on indoor walls (read: steeper routes with bigger holds), there’s a new demand for softer and more downturned beginner kicks. The Veloce is Scarpa’s answer, merging gym climbing precision with a comfort-focused shape, durable rubber, and relatively affordable price tag that undercuts much of the more aggressive competition.
We love the concept of the Veloce and, given the popularity of gym climbing, expect other brands to follow Scarpa’s lead (check out La Sportiva’s new Zenit for proof). That said, $139 is still a sizeable investment for many newcomers. And with a clear indoor focus and rubber that’s more sticky than long-lasting, the Veloce has limited appeal for outdoor use (its super soft build isn’t ideal for true beginners either). As an alternative, the Evolv Defy above ($89) provides a similarly soft feel but lacks the aggressive downturn for precision on overhanging terrain.
See the Men's Scarpa Veloce See the Women's Scarpa Veloce
Closure: Lace (Velcro: La Sportiva Tarantula)
Ability level: Beginner
What we like: Comfort-oriented and durable.
What we don’t: FriXion rubber makes these shoes less grippy than other beginner models.
The Tarantulace is one of La Sportiva’s top shoes for beginners, and built to appeal to the enormous demographic of climbers who prefer comfort over performance (which isn’t just beginners, by the way). The result: a shoe that feels good on your foot, is durable, and doesn’t require a ton of technical savvy. For those who love climbing around 5.9 or V2 or easier, the Tarantulace is an excellent choice, and it doesn’t hurt that it’s one of the most affordable climbing shoes on the market at $85.
Build-wise, the Tarantulace is closer to an approach shoe than most others on this list. The 5-millimeter sole is among the thickest on the market, and features La Sportiva’s proprietary FriXion RS rubber, which is built more for durability than grip. Meanwhile, the fit of the shoe is flat, wide, and rounded—resulting in a toe that is much more symmetrical than most climbing shoes (again, more like an approach shoe). As a beginner, it’s really important to be honest with yourself about your abilities and desires as a climber. If you’re looking for a comfortable shoe that you can take up moderate multi-pitch routes or wear for hours in the gym, the Tarantulace is an excellent option. But if you’re looking to push the grade and break into harder climbs, look elsewhere.
See the Men's La Sportiva Tarantulace See the Women's La Sportiva Tarantulace
Ability level: Beginner to intermediate
What we like: Great all-around shoe from our favorite climbing shoe manufacturer.
What we don’t: FriXion isn’t the grippiest rubber.
Released for spring 2021, the La Sportiva Aragon is yet another high-quality beginner offering from one of the best shoe manufacturers in climbing. It follows the same formula as many entry-level shoes here, with an unlined leather upper, Velcro hook and loop closure, durable sole (in this case, 5mm of FriXion rubber), and a padded tongue for added comfort. And like our top-ranked Endeavor, the Aragon tacks on a slight downturn and asymmetric toe, giving it more of a performance bent than shoes like the Tarantulace or Oxygym above. It all adds up to a solid all-around choice, whether you’re just getting started in the gym or embarking on long top-rope pitches outside.
Given the Aragon’s slight performance slant, we were disappointed to see that it uses FriXion rubber, which is among the most durable yet least sticky blends. For $10 more, you can bump up to a shoe like the Scarpa Helix above or Sportiva Finale below and get Vibram’s XS Edge, which offers noticeably better grip on real rock. But for an affordable starter shoe that’s versatile for all sorts of climbing, the new Aragon is a great value and goes head-to-head with time-tested models like the Scarpa Origin and Butora Endeavor above.
See the Men's La Sportiva Aragon See the Women's La Sportiva Aragon
Ability level: Beginner to advanced
What we like: High-quality construction; good all-rounder.
What we don’t: Jack of all trades, but master of none.
Initially designed as an entry-level sport climbing and bouldering shoe, Scarpa’s Force V quickly was adopted by experienced trad climbers as a comfortable option for long days on the wall (in fact, we wore the shoe on a 3,000-foot 5.11+ climb in the Bugaboos and loved it). A beginner shoe that expert climbers love makes the Force V a great option for talented newcomers or those looking to progress quickly. It edges decently, crack climbs well, smears comfortably, and can be worn all day (even with socks).
Given its relatively steep price tag, the Force V isn’t our first choice for true beginner climbers—consider it one of the most premium entry-level models on our list. Further, while the flat last is ideal for climbing on vertical-to-slabby terrain, it will feel clunky and imprecise on overhanging routes (check out the Black Diamond Zone below for a downturned alternative). In the end, most new climbers will be just as happy with one of the $100 shoes above, and if you really want to go premium, you can spend up for a shoe like the TC Pro below. But there’s certainly a market for the Cadillac of beginner shoes, and chances are you’ll notice a slight boost in performance thanks to its premium materials and construction.
See the Men's Scarpa Force V See the Women's Scarpa Force V
Ability level: Beginner
What we like: P3 technology will help this shoe keep its downturn.
What we don’t: Dye stains sweaty feet.
The Finale is an entry-level climbing shoe with some features that will help you start to get a feel for what a more high-performance shoe might be like. Like La Sportiva’s top models, this shoe sports Vibram's stiff XS Edge rubber, a tensioned heel rand, and the company’s proprietary P3 system that holds the downturn of the shoe over time. However, being unlined for out-of-the-box comfort and sporting a durable 5mm sole, it’s not lost on us that this shoe is tailored toward new climbers.
Priced at $109, the Finale goes head-to-head with Scarpa’s Helix above. Both are great options for new trad climbers, but there are a few key differences. First off, the Finale can handle a lot more wear and tear, with 5 millimeters of rubber on the sole compared to the Helix’s 3.5 millimeters. This also plays a big part in their performance: the Scarpa is relatively soft and sensitive, while the La Sportiva will feel a bit stiff and clunky, especially during the break-in period. Finally, given their unlined leather uppers, keep in mind that both shoes can stretch a half to full size, and the dye has a tendency to wear through and stain sweaty feet.
See the Men's La Sportiva Finale See the Women's La Sportiva Finale
Ability level: Intermediate
What we like: Comfortable and a step up in performance from most shoes here.
What we don’t: Fit is far from perfect.
Pricewise, climbing shoes run the gamut from $75 for the Drifter below to a steep $200 for premium models like the La Sportiva Testarossa (featured in our list of the best overall rock climbing shoes). Around the $140 price point is a great place for intermediate climbers or talented beginners to focus their search. Most often, these shoes mix the comfort of entry-level designs with the performance of more expensive offerings, which can go a long way toward speeding up a beginner’s progression. And Black Diamond’s Zone has all the trimmings we’d expect in this category, including a plush and breathable upper for all-day wear and a moderate downturn, asymmetric shape, and flexible midsole that lend precision and power on small holds and steep terrain.
Climbing shoes in this middle ground are certainly a step up from $100 models and can save you a considerable amount of cash, but it’s important to recognize their tradeoffs. With the Zone in particular, the comfort-first philosophy results in less of a premium fit than we’re used to seeing in high-end shoes (a lot of users report issues with the heel cup). And while the breathable knit upper keeps air moving (especially great in the gym), you’ll get a closer fit and better durability with leather. In the end, if you’re feeling limited by your beginner shoe, it might be worth stepping up all the way to an advanced design like the Scarpa Vapor V above. But if the savings are enticing, the BD Zone is a popular mid-range option from an iconic climbing brand—and it doesn’t hurt that it’s also a great-looking shoe.
See the Black Diamond Zone See the Black Diamond Zone LV
Ability level: Beginner
What we like: The cheapest of the cheap.
What we don’t: The cheapest of the cheap.
Two things stand out about the Drifter: it costs less than any other shoe on this list, and Mad Rock claims it has climbed V15. Only one of those things should have any relevance to you.
The Drifter is an inexpensive and no-nonsense shoe, plain and simple. Ignore the jargon about midsoles, rands, and asymmetry here—if you’re looking for an inexpensive shoe to take out for your first times on the wall, it’s a fine choice. In the end, you’re not going to climb V15 in the Drifter. And if you do decide that climbing is the sport for you, you’ll probably upgrade to a nicer, more performance-oriented shoe. If not, you’re only out $75 instead of the $80+ that all the other shoes on this list go for.
See the Mad Rock Drifter
Ability level: Beginner to advanced
What we like: The best shoe for crack climbing, period.
What we don’t: Expensive and overkill for most beginners.
We’ll address the elephant in the room right up front: the La Sportiva TC Pro is decidedly not a beginner shoe. In fact, this is the shoe that Tommy Caldwell designed (hence the “TC”) and wore during his free ascent of the Dawn Wall. Heck, Alex Honnold free-soloed El Cap in it too. The TC Pro can do just about anything on granite, from perching on tiny dime edges to gripping vertical slab. But while most beginners won’t need this level of performance for moderate routes, we recommend the TC Pro for one discipline in particular: crack climbing.
We’ve taught a lot crack climbing clinics, and one of the most consistent obstacles for new climbers is foot pain. In short, there’s nothing natural about shoving your entire foot into a crack and then fully weighting it. And while most climbing shoes don’t offer much help with their fairly thin (and often unlined) uppers, the TC Pro features padding on the top of the foot and full ankle protection, which makes a massive difference. If you’re stoked on cracks or are cutting your teeth in mountainous areas like Washington Pass or the Sierra, there’s simply no better option, even for newer climbers. The only major impediment is price, and we’ll leave it to you to decide if the pain relief and added enjoyment are worth the steep $190.
See the La Sportiva TC Pro
|Butora Endeavor||$100||Leather/synthetic||Velcro||Neo Fuse||Beginner to intermediate|
|La Sportiva Mythos||$145||Leather||Lace||Vibram XS Edge||Beginner to intermediate|
|La Sportiva Oxygym||$99||Synthetic||Velcro||FriXion RS||Beginner|
|Evolv Defy||$89||Synthetic||Velcro||Trax SAS||Beginner|
|Scarpa Vapor V||$179||Leather||Velcro||Vibram XS Edge||Intermediate to advanced|
|Scarpa Origin||$99||Leather||Velcro||Vision||Beginner to intermediate|
|Butora Advance||$79||Synthetic||Lace||Neo Rubber||Beginner|
|Scarpa Helix||$109||Leather||Lace||Vibram XS Edge||Beginner to intermediate|
|Evolv Rave||$115||Leather||Elastic||Trax SAS||Beginner to advanced|
|Black Diamond Momentum||$95||Synthetic||Velcro||Neo Fuse||Beginner|
|Scarpa Veloce||$139||Synthetic||Velcro||S-72||Beginner to intermediate|
|La Sportiva Tarantulace||$85||Leather||Lace||FriXion RS||Beginner|
|La Sportiva Aragon||$99||Leather||Velcro||FriXion RS||Beginner to intermediate|
|Scarpa Force V||$139||Leather||Velcro||Vibram XS Edge||Beginner to advanced|
|La Sportiva Finale||$109||Leather/synthetic||Lace||Vibram XS Edge||Beginner|
|Black Diamond Zone||$140||Synthetic||Velcro||Fuse||Intermediate|
|Mad Rock Drifter||$75||Leather||Velcro||Science Friction||Beginner|
|La Sportiva TC Pro||$190||Leather||Lace||Vibram XS Edge||Beginner to advanced|
- What to Look for in a Beginner Shoe
- Uppers: Leather vs. Synthetic
- Closures: Lace, Velcro, and Elastic
- Soft vs. Stiff
- Sizing: Comfort vs. Performance
- Men's and Women's Versions
- Indoor vs. Outdoor Climbing
- Why Beginners Should Spend Less
- Transitioning to a More Advanced Shoe
Beginner climbing shoes are easily discernible if you’re staring at a wall of all your options. To start, they’re generally flat, while more advanced shoes have at least some downturn (think a curved banana shape). The toe tends to be almost rounded and only slightly asymmetrical (if at all), compared to the more pointed toe of an aggressive shoe. And finally, beginner shoes tend to be less flashy—they lack many of the bells and whistles found on higher-level models.
That said, a quality starter shoe should come with a few very important features—not all of which are visible upon first glance. First: a low price tag. As a beginner, you can easily spend more than $150 on a pair of climbing shoes, but you certainly don’t need to (see “Why Beginners Should Spend Less” below). Second: a relatively durable sole. Some rubbers are softer (and thus grippier) than others, but beginner shoes are made with harder, stiffer blends to ensure they last while you’re learning how to use your feet on the wall. And the most important feature, by far: comfort. Climbing is a tough sport with a steep learning curve, and it’s a lot harder to stick with it if your feet are screaming every time you put on your shoes. Over time, you will adapt to the pain of tighter shoes, but we recommend starting with a pair that you can wear comfortably all day.
It can be confusing to understand the often-subtle differences between materials in outdoor gear, but in this case, there’s a golden rule: leather stretches; synthetic doesn’t. While there are a couple of exceptions (leather is sometimes lined, which prevents it from stretching quite as much), this rule will hold true for almost all climbing shoes.
For beginners, both leather and synthetic can be good choices, but it’s important to consider the implications. If you choose a leather shoe like the La Sportiva Mythos, expect it to stretch a whole size over time. That means you’ll have to size it small from the get-go and face a potentially painful break-in period. If you go with a synthetic option like the Evolv Defy, expect the shoe to stay true to size. While this might sound (and feel) like a good thing at first, the initial benefits quickly wear off, while leather conforms to the shape of your foot to eventually provide superior comfort. If we were to make a recommendation, we’d tell you to stick it out and go with leather. It tends to be more durable and comfortable over time, both of which are important considerations for beginners.
There are three main types of closure systems for climbing shoes: lace, Velcro, and elastic (slipper). Since there’s no unanimously superior closure type for beginner shoes, we’ll let you make the final decision. Below, we break down the pros and cons of each. And keep in mind than many of the shoes in this article are available in both lace-up and Velcro versions—if you like the sounds of a shoe but prefer a different closure system, you may be in luck.
Laces are helpful for novice climbers because you can tailor the comfort-to-performance ratio specifically to your level of climbing. In other words, you can adjust the tightness and fit of the shoe around your foot depending on how you want it to perform. At first, you’ll probably find comfort more important, but over time, you’ll likely care more about performance. Laces give you the versatility to tighten or loosen your shoes accordingly. That said, laces can quickly become a pain in the butt if you’re putting on and taking off your shoes repeatedly, as is the norm in the gym or while bouldering. They can also break and be difficult to replace (one of the few problems with the La Sportiva Mythos). We recommend lace-up shoes if you’re primarily crack climbing outside, but for everything else, beginners should stick with Velcro or elastic closures.
Velcro is incredibly practical—it’s always easy on-and-off, which is paramount for gym climbing and bouldering, both outdoors and indoors. The downside? Velcro can be somewhat limiting in how well it fits—you can only tighten or loosen as much as the material allows. It also tends to fail over time, which is a major concern we have with a shoe like the La Sportiva Tarantula. And a quick note for the crack climbers out there: if you plan on spending a lot of time wedging your way up ‘em, Velcro is not an optimal choice, as it can snag, undo mid-route, or cause painful pressure points. However, if you’re primarily bouldering or gym climbing, we absolutely recommend a Velcro shoe.
Shoes with elastic closures—called slippers—may be the most comfortable shoes on the market, especially all-around models like the Evolv Rave. For easy on-and-off, a snug fit, and comfort in cracks, some prefer slippers above all else. However, the problem with elastic is that it can stretch so much over time that you need to get your shoes fairly tight from the onset. This results in a difficult (read: painful) acclimation period, during which other shoes might be more enticing. Not everyone loves slippers, but we think they provide unparalleled benefits for many types of climbers and styles of climbing. No pain, no gain, right?
A simple way to categorize climbing shoes is by the stiffness of the midsole and sole. Climbers who gravitate toward steep boulder problems or gym climbing will likely prefer a soft shoe that allows them to flex their feet around holds. These shoes provide far greater sensitivity between rock and foot, but—as a result—your foot will have to work a lot harder than it would in a stiffer, more supportive shoe. Those who plan on climbing long routes outside will benefit from the edging, stability, and support of stiffer shoes. In general, unless you’re just bouldering at the gym, we recommend that beginner climbers wear a shoe with a moderately stiff midsole to help support their foot muscles and ligaments as they build strength.
Rubber is one of the most important features of a climbing shoe. The more time you spend climbing, the more you’ll geek out about it: the different styles, thicknesses, and perfect recipe for sending your project. But for now, we’ll keep it simple and talk about two main features: grip and durability.
Your best bet as a beginner is to get the most bang for your buck, and in terms of rubber, this means a fatter sole. Anything 4 millimeters and up is a good start—anything thinner won’t last nearly as long. But not all rubber is created equal—some blends prioritize grip, while others excel at durability. For example, Five Ten’s Stealth C4 and Vibram’s XS Edge are stickier than La Sportiva’s FriXion RS or Mad Rock’s Science Friction 3.0—but not as durable. For true beginners, the benefits of durability will outweigh the minor differences in stickiness. But as you progress, a sole lacking in grip will actually hold you back.
You may have been told by a friend, store clerk, or climbing gym employee that you need to buy shoes so tight they hurt your feet. We’re here to tell you the opposite. Beginner climbers need tight shoes—just like any climber does—but comfortably tight shoes. The initial investment in climbing is so great, and the learning curve so steep, that the last thing you want is to loathe the idea of climbing simply because your feet are in constant pain. Besides, the terrain and holds you’re climbing as a beginner simply don’t warrant a high-performance shoe with an uber-tight fit. It’s great to be able to stand on dime-sized edges, but most beginners aren’t going to be doing that anyway.
There’s another important lesson here: how you use your feet is more important than what you put on them. If your shoes are a little on the roomy side, it will only force you to improve your footwork. Over time, it’s best practice to get used to overcoming obstacles by working on technique rather than buying different gear. In general, get the same size you would in street shoes, or a half size down. Major exceptions to this rule (like the Butora Endeavor) will typically state them explicitly. And as we mentioned above, leather will stretch more than synthetic, so size your leather shoes down a bit and expect to endure a few mildly uncomfortable break-in sessions.
Without getting too political about gender differences, norms, expectations, roles, etc., let’s make a few sweeping generalizations. To start, males tend to run heavier and have wider feet than females. Obviously there are exceptions to this rule, but this is what you can expect to see when you compare a men’s climbing shoe with a women’s climbing shoe. Women’s shoes are narrower and softer, and men’s wider and stiffer (to accommodate more weight).
As a novice climber, it’s important to know that climbing is a gender-neutral sport and nobody cares what you have on your feet. Men wear women’s shoes and vice versa—all the time. If you’re picky about soft versus stiff, just pay close attention as you try shoes on, and try models in men’s and women’s to evaluate the differences in feel. As for sizing, most companies have a conversion chart to show how male and female sizes compare (like La Sportiva’s here, for example).
There are so many differences between indoor and outdoor climbing that you could write a book on them. But in the case of climbing shoes, there's not really a huge distinction. All of the shoes on this list can be worn both indoors and outdoors, although most are more inclined to one or the other. If you’re sticking mostly to the gym, the comfort and price of your shoes matter far more than performance or durability. If you’re spending your days outdoors, we’d definitely recommend going with a more performance-oriented shoe, and one that will resist abrasion on real rock. You might not think twice on a gym 5.7, but be spooked on an outdoor route of the same grade. Having a little more confidence in your footwear when there are real consequences (like a ground fall) is worth a lot.
Further, as a new climber, you’ll probably encounter much steeper terrain in the gym than outside. Thus, if you’re climbing mostly indoors, you may want a soft shoe that can heel-hook and toe-in well, like the Butora Endeavor or Evolv Defy. Meanwhile, when climbing outdoors as a beginner, you’ll probably find yourself more often on slabs or vertical walls. A pair of good edging and smearing shoes, like the Scarpa Vapor V, would be a better choice there.
While not quite backcountry skiing, rock climbing isn’t the cheapest outdoor sport, either. A harness will run you $50 at minimum, then add in a belay device and locking carabiner for another $30 and a gym membership for up to $100 per month. Factor in $20 for a chalk bag and $5 a month for chalk. Adds up quickly, doesn’t it? If you get into outdoor climbing, you’ll also need a rope, helmet, crash pad, quickdraws, and so on (you should be hearing the sound of a cash register right about now). As a beginner, it’s all new, and it’s all a hefty investment in something you know very little about.
All that said, why break the bank on a pair of shoes? More to the point, why spend extra for features you don’t need? You’re a beginner, so don’t worry about a highly asymmetric toe, aggressive downturn, powerful slingshot rand, top-notch heel- and toe-hooking ability, or incredible edging precision. If you’re like most beginners, you probably don’t even know what half of those things mean, and you don’t need to. Your only job as a new climber is to enjoy yourself and figure out if you really want to commit to the sport. So go ahead, buy cheap. Permission granted. And if you continue to enjoy climbing, you’ll upgrade down the road.
“Beginner” is a pretty broad and relative term. Some climbers are sending 5.12s and V6s after just a month of practice. They’re still beginners—just innately talented ones. If you’re one of those people, few of the shoes in this article are right for you, and you should instead consider one of our top rock climbing shoes. We’ve also included a few models on this list—including the Scarpa Vapor V, La Sportiva TC Pro, and Black Diamond Zone—as options that can transition with you into tougher grades. Generally speaking, they are more expensive, so only start out with these shoes if you’re hell-bent on becoming proficient, learn quickly, or climbed out of your crib before you could walk.
If you’re like the rest of us, you can expect it to take longer to break into harder grades. As you do, you’ll start to feel like your shoes are limiting you. This is when you upgrade. But remember: don’t buy new shoes because you think they will help you progress. Buy new shoes because you have already progressed and your old shoes are holding you back. If you use your shoes as a crutch, you’ll tend to make excuses for what is really a lack of strength and technique. Conversely, if you develop the strength and technique first, and turn to new shoes second, you’ll actually get the boost you’re looking for because you’ll already be adept at doing more advanced moves with less advanced shoes.
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