An ideal backpacking tent is lightweight, packs down small, reasonably spacious, and tough enough to handle inclement weather. The good news is that tent technology has come a long way even over the past few years, and weights continue to drop as thinner yet strong fabrics and lighter poles are employed. Below are our picks for the best backpacking tents of 2018, ranging from all-rounders to top ultralight models and leading budget options. For background information, see our tent comparison table and buying advice below the picks. To complete your kit, we’ve also tested and written about backpacking packs and sleeping bags.
 

1. Nemo Dagger 2P ($400)

Nemo Dagger 2 backpacking tentMinimum weight: 3 lbs. 5 oz.
Floor denier: 30D
Capacities: 2P, 3P
What we like: Lightweight, roomy, and easy to set up.
What we don’t: Ventilation could be better.

For weight-conscious backpackers who don’t want to compromise on things like livability, durability, and ease of use, the Nemo Dagger is the whole package. At just 3 pounds 5 ounces for the 2-person version, this tent is lightweight and packs small yet comes with 2 large doors, 2 spacious vestibules for storing gear, and a roomy interior topped off with a solid 42-inch peak height. Additionally, the floor of the Dagger is symmetrical as opposed to tapered toward the feet like some in its weight class, which makes it possible for two people to sleep in opposite directions (head to toe) for more shoulder room.

The most direct competition for the Nemo Dagger comes from the MSR Hubba Hubba NX below. These tents have a ton of similarities, including price ($400), weight (the Dagger is 2 ounces lighter), and durability (both have 30-denier floors). But we give the final nod to the Dagger: it’s slightly roomier than the Hubba Hubba with 31 square feet of floor space and has a higher celling, the couple ounces of weight savings do matter, and the Dagger has the clear advantage in vestibule space (23 square feet vs. 17.5 square feet). But the Achilles Heel of the Dagger is availability: it seems that Nemo hasn’t caught up with the heavy demand, and we’ve seen this tent go out of stock on multiple occasions. If you can get one, it’s our favorite backpacking tent on the market... Read in-depth review
See the Nemo Dagger 2P

 

2. REI Co-op Half Dome 2 Plus ($229)

REI Half Dome 2 Plus 2018Minimum weight: 4 lbs. 14 oz.
Floor denier: 70D
Capacities: 1 Plus, 2 Plus, 3 Plus, 4 Plus
What we like: A great value and ample room with all "Plus" capacities for 2018.
What we don’t: Heavier than our other top picks.

The Half Dome is REI’s iconic tent, offering just about everything that most backpackers need at a reasonable price. Freshly updated for 2018, the Half Dome line has moved entirely to more spacious "Plus" versions, along with a handful of other solid improvements. You now get vertical walls for extra headroom, more mesh for better stargazing, a lighter weight by a few ounces, and a number of fun colorways to choose from. Importantly, REI stuck with the foundation that has made this tent so popular: good build quality, easy setup and take down, a nice feature set, and a great price for what you get. 

At 4 pounds 14 ounces for the new 2 Plus version, the REI Half Dome certainly isn't the lightest backpacking tent on the market. But we love the roomy 35.8 square feet of floor space, which is ample for two adults, their gear, and even a furry friend. Further, unlike many of the ultralight models on this list, durability is excellent with a substantial 70-denier floor. And circling back to price, you would be hard pressed to find a better value. At $229, the Half Dome is a reliable and comfortable choice that should make most weekend and summer backpackers happy. Our full review of the new version is coming shortly... Read in-depth review
See the REI Co-op Half Dome 2 Plus

 

3. Big Agnes Copper Spur HV UL3 ($500)

Big Agnes Copper Spur HV UL3 tentMinimum weight: 3 lbs. 7 oz.
Floor denier: 20D
Capacities: 1P, 2P, 3P, 4P
What we like: Extremely light yet roomy, which is a rare combination.
What we don’t: Thin materials (a little too thin for our tastes).  

Good news for ultralight family backpackers and couples who prefer more space: you don’t need to lug around a big and heavy tent. The Copper Spur HV UL3 is a winner in this regard, offering enough room (41 square feet, to be exact) for up to 3 adults while coming in at a feathery 3 pounds 7 ounces. Impressively, that’s the same as the popular 2-person MSR Hubba Hubba below. Despite the low weight, you still get 2 doors and vestibules, along with a notably roomy interior with near vertical walls (hence the “HV” or “high volume” in the name).

What you give up with the Copper Spur’s lightweight package is durability. The tent body, rainfly fabrics, and zippers are quite thin and require extra care. In particular, the 20-denier floor fabric has us concerned about the potential lifespan of the tent (be very careful if you have a dog), and you should treat the zippers and mesh gently to avoid snags and tears. For those who don’t need or want the space, the 2-person version of the Copper Spur HV UL weighs just 2 pounds 12 ounces. We still favor the stronger materials and long-term durability of the Nemo Dagger and MSR Hubba Hubba, but the Copper Spur remains a favorite among the ultralight crowd... Read in-depth review
See the Big Agnes Copper Spur HV UL3

 

4. Zpacks Duplex Flex ($724)

Zpacks Duplex FlexMinimum weight: 1 lb. 15.2 oz.
Floor: 1.0 oz/sqyd
Capacities: 1P, 2P, 3P
What we like: Extremely light and surprisingly good wet weather protection.
What we don’t: Drafty, setup can be challenging, and expensive.

We’ll start by saying that the Zpacks Duplex is a polarizing tent option. Ultralighters and thru-hikers swear by it, and particularly its sub-2-pound weight all-in. The Dyneema fabric—commonly used in boat sails and praised for its strength-to-weight ratio—is the real deal and provides impressive weather protection given its minimalist nature. Moreover, we found the Zpacks Duplex to be surprisingly roomy for an ultralight tent, and you can adjust the height and dimensions fairly easily depending on the campsite and conditions. For fast and light three-season backpacking missions, this is our top UL pick.

What are the downsides of the Zpacks Duplex? We had no issues with water entering the tent even while camping in snow, but the open sides definitely can make it feel drafty. Additionally, setting up the tent is considerably more complicated than traditional backpacking designs. Although technically freestanding, it performs a lot better using hiking poles and with the guy lines staked out (we heartily recommend setting up this tent a couple of times at home before doing so in the wilderness). Finally, $724 is a lot to spend ($600 without the tent poles). Our conclusion is that the Duplex is a great ultralight option for most three-season conditions, but it’s purpose-built for ounce counters who plan on getting a lot of use out of it—think AT or PCT thru-hikers.
See the Zpacks Duplex Flex

 

5. MSR Hubba Hubba NX ($400)

MSR Hubba Hubba NX backpacking tentMinimum weight: 3 lbs. 7 oz.
Floor denier: 30D
Capacities: 1P, 2P, 3P, 4P
What we like: Better ventilation than the Nemo Dagger.
What we don’t: Slightly heavier and less roomy, although not by much.

It was a very close call between the MSR Hubba Hubba NX and Nemo Dagger above (so close, in fact, that the Hubba Hubba was ranked #1 for much of last year). In summary, this is a terrific backpacking tent: it’s lightweight at 3 pounds 7 ounces, yet unlike many true ultralight tents, is strong enough with a 30-denier floor to stand up to most normal wear and tear. In terms of features, you get 2 doors and vestibules, a comfortable interior, good weather protection, and easy set up and take down. For just about all kinds of backpacking not involving serious snow, the Hubba Hubba is an excellent choice.

To really get down to the nitty gritty, both the Hubba Hubba NX and Dagger are the same price at $400, but the MSR is 2 ounces heavier, a little less roomy at 29 square feet of floor space vs. 31 square feet, and has a lower peak height of 39 inches vs. 42 inches. On the other hand, the Hubba Hubba has better ventilation (the Dagger only vents out the doors) and more complete rainfly coverage (the Nemo leaves small portions of the ends slightly exposed, although it hasn’t caused us issues). You can see how close the decision is, but the truth is you can’t go wrong with either. And an added bonus in choosing the Hubba Hubba: it always seems to be available, while the Nemo often is out of stock... Read in-depth review
See the MSR Hubba Hubba NX

 

6. REI Co-op Quarter Dome 1 ($279)

REI Quarter Dome 1 backpacking tentMinimum weight: 2 lbs. 7 oz.
Floor denier: 20D
Capacities: 1P, 2P, 3P
What we like: Good headroom and a very large vestibule.
What we don’t: Materials are on the thin side.

The Half Dome above may be REI’s most popular backpacking tent, but we like the ultralight Quarter Dome too, and particularly the 1-person version. At 2 pounds 7 ounces, this tent is all that most solo backpackers need while still coming in at a reasonable $279. Last year, REI redesigned the Quarter Dome by adding more headroom and a much larger vestibule, which now offers ample space for protecting you and your pack from the elements. All in all, it’s a comfortable and well-designed 1-person tent for everything from fast and light backcountry trips to bike touring.

Similar to the Big Agnes Copper Spur above, the Quarter Dome uses a 20-denier nylon floor, which cuts weight but also impacts durability (take care when setting up the tent and avoid sharp rocks). For those shopping for the 2-person variety, that version of the Quarter Dome comes in at 3 pounds 5 ounces—the same as the Nemo Dagger—but is more tapered than we prefer and strangely comes with only 9 stakes while 10 are required for a basic set-up. For these reasons, we like the 1-person model best... Read in-depth review
See the REI Co-op Quarter Dome 1

 

7. Hilleberg Anjan GT ($785)

Hilleberg Anjan GT backpacking tentMinimum weight: 4 lbs.
Floor denier: 50D
Capacities: 2P, 3P
What we like: Premium build and the biggest vestibule on this list by far.
What we don’t: Pricey and long (you’ll need a campsite with a decent amount of space).

Hilleberg tents aren’t for everyone, but if you get out frequently in tough conditions, you won’t find better build quality. The Anjan is the Swedish tentmaker’s leading 3-season model, with the classic tunnel shape that fends off heavy winds with relative ease. The Kerlon 1000 outer fabric is strong yet light and breathable, and you will be swimming in space with the extended vestibule that measures a whopping 74 inches in length (a non-GT version is available with a smaller 41-inch vestibule). We used this tent on the challenging and very windy Huemul Circuit in Patagonia and came away extremely fond of it.

There are a couple of important considerations when choosing a Hilleberg. The first is cost: at nearly $800, you’ll need to get out backpacking for extended stretches to get your money’s worth, not to mention it’s overbuilt for easy summer camping. Second, the GT version is quite long (over 13 feet total with the vestibule), and therefore it works best in open areas where space isn’t an issue. It worked fine for us in most camping areas but struggled to fit in one particularly cramped spot. But for those who like their interior space including backpackers, bikepackers, and paddlers with lots of gear, the Anjan GT is a superb tent.
See the Hilleberg Anjan GT

 

8. Marmot Tungsten 2P ($199)

Marmot Tungsten 2P tentMinimum weight: 4 lbs. 13 oz.
Floor denier: 68D
Capacities: 1P, 2P, 3P, 4P
What we like: A nice hybrid backpacking/car camping option with a footprint included.
What we don’t: At this price point, we prefer the roomier Half Dome 2 Plus above.

REI’s Half Dome above isn’t the only good value on the market. At a budget-friendly price of $199, the Marmot Tungsten has a similar 3-season build with durable fabrics and all the features that most weekend backpackers need. The tent has 2 doors and vestibules, weighs in at a respectable 4 pounds 13 ounces, and offers a roomy 32 square feet of floor space. We also like the mix of solid nylon and mesh on the tent body, which provides both good ventilation and privacy. And unlike the Half Dome, the Tungsten comes with a footprint (the Half Dome footprint is sold separately for $35).

All things considered, we like the Marmot Tungsten and it makes a nice hybrid backpacking and car camping option. One downside is the tent’s packed size, which is large enough to make it difficult to squeeze into a backpack (it’s much easier to divide up the load between two people). And the 2018 version of the REI Half Dome 2 Plus weighs only 1 ounce more than the Tungsten yet offers considerably more floor area and vestibule space. For families, the Tungsten 4 is a popular option and costs $339.
See the Marmot Tungsten 2P

 

9. MSR Papa Hubba NX ($600)

MSR Papa Hubba NX tentMinimum weight: 5 lbs. 5 oz.
Floor denier: 30D
Capacities: 1P, 2P, 3P, 4P
What we like: The ultimate family backpacking tent.
What we don’t: Low peak height for a 4-person tent.

Most tents on this list fall into some sort of category: they’re ultralight but built with thin materials, or budget but heavier to carry. MSR’s Hubba series pretty much does it all, and for families who care about weight, durability, and features, we love the Papa Hubba NX. Nemo doesn’t make a 4-person version of their Dagger, our top pick, but MSR comes to the plate in a big way with 53 square feet of floor space, a 30D nylon floor fabric, and an impressively low minimum weight of 5 pounds 15 ounces. Taken together, this is a serious family backpacking tent with few compromises.

In terms of competition to the Papa Hubba NX, Big Agnes makes a 4-person version of the Copper Spur HV UL series. Although that tent saves 12 ounces in weight at 5 pounds 3 ounces total, it costs more at $650, uses thinner materials including a 20D floor, and is more delicate overall than the MSR. One downside of the Papa Hubba—and a weight cutting maneuver to be sure—is the 44-inch peak height. That’s more than nearly all 2-person tents on this list but low for the 4-season variety, which commonly are 50 inches or more. 
See the MSR Papa Hubba NX

 

10. REI Co-op Passage 2 ($159)

REI Passage 2 backpacking tentMinimum weight: 4 lbs. 13 oz.
Floor denier: 75D
Capacities: 1P, 2P, 3P
What we like: Spacious, good price, and easy to set up.
What we don’t: Heavy.

The Half Dome is the headline grabber for REI, but the tried-and-true Passage is a nice budget alternative. This tent has all the ingredients necessary for weekend backpacking trips: 2 doors and a full-coverage rainfly, tough but reasonably light materials, a roomy interior, and ample storage. REI lightly updated the tent last year with more mesh and greater interior volume thanks to a slight change to the pole design. At less than 5 pounds and only $159, it’s an attractive tent for beginning backpackers looking to save.

What do you sacrifice with the REI Passage? Despite the update, the simple X-shaped pole structure still feels dated (most modern tents including the Half Dome now have a center ridge pole to pull out the sides). The result is sloped walls and less headroom. In addition, the Passage does not use DAC poles and instead opts for standard aluminum. But again, we can’t help but love the low price and reasonable weight of the Passage, which is why we have it ranked here.
See the REI Co-op Passage 2

 

11. Tarptent Double Rainbow ($289)

Tarptent Double Rainbow backpacking tentMinimum weight: 2 lbs. 9 oz.
Floor denier: 30D
Capacities: 1P, 2P
What we like: Inexpensive for an ultralight tent, roomy interior, and can handle stormy weather.
What we don’t: Tendency to collect moisture on the interior.

California-based Tarptent isn’t a household name, but the company offers an inspiring ultralight lineup at reasonable price points. The Double Rainbow is our favorite: it’s fully bug proof, decently roomy, and weighs a scant 2 pounds 9 ounces. Surprisingly durable and weather worthy, this tent will outperform much of the competition in its price range in tough conditions, although we have had issues with condensation collecting along the interior (Tarptent does sell a separate clip-in liner to help with this issue).

In contrast to the traditional way of erecting a tent (tent body first then rain fly), setting up the Double Rainbow is quite simple. Thread the main pole through a sleeve in the rainfly and stake everything out. The “tent body” is made of mesh and hangs from the bottom of the rainfly. One thing to keep in mind is that the Double Rainbow does not come seam sealed. But it’s a fairly simple process to do yourself, or Tarpent will do it before shipping for $35. Even with the clip-in liner and seam sealing, the Double Rainbow remains one of the best ultralight values on the market.
See the Tarptent Double Rainbow

 

12. Big Agnes Tiger Wall UL2 ($400)

Big Agnes Tiger Wall UL2 backpacking tentMinimum weight: 2 lbs. 3 oz.
Floor denier: 15D
Capacities: 2P, 3P
What we like: Very light yet more livable than the Nemo Hornet.
What we don’t: Semi-freestanding build isn’t easy to pitch on rock.

Big Agnes has a knack for mixing and matching designs to create a new product, which is exactly what they’ve done with the 2018 Tiger Wall UL2. This new tent brings together the 2 door and vestibule concept of the popular Copper Spur above, with the semi-freestanding layout of the Fly Creek below. The net result is a shelter with convenient access and gear storage for 2 people, while remaining extremely lightweight at 2 pounds 3 ounces. Not surprisingly, the price for the Tiger Wall UL2 also splits the Copper Spur ($450) and Fly Creek ($350) at $400.

We took the Tiger Wall out on a multi-day backpacking trip, and were happy to find that it’s yet another quality build from Big Agnes. The ridge pole across the center of the tent makes it more spacious than the Nemo Hornet below, and the silicone-coated nylon is impressively strong (but it’s still thin and requires gentle treatment). The semi-freestanding design, however, isn’t for everyone. It was hard to get a taut pitch when we camped on rock, and it isn’t as weather worthy or roomy as the Copper Spur. In the end, there’s a lot to like with the Tiger Wall, but the Copper Spur is the more livable option for 2 people... Read in-depth review
See the Big Agnes Tiger Wall UL2

 

13. Hilleberg Niak ($795)

Hilleberg Niak backpacking tentMinimum weight: 3 lbs. 5 oz.
Floor denier: 50D
Capacity: 2P
What we like: Hilleberg’s lightest 2-person tent.
What we don’t: Small for two people with a lot of gear.

The Niak is a very interesting tent. It’s Hilleberg’s lightest 2-person model to date, coming in at just 3 pounds 5 ounces minimum weight. In addition, it has a traditional dome shape instead of the tunnel design that Hilleberg is known for. Yet you still get the premium build quality including the Kerlon 1000 outer, excellent weather protection and breathability, and ample guy lines for hunkering down in tough conditions. In terms of space, the Niak originally was billed as a 1.5-person tent, but Hilleberg later switched it to 2. The 28 square feet of floor space is on the small end of the 2-person spectrum but still doable, and particularly if you don’t need to store a ton of gear inside. And for solo backpackers or those with a dog, it’s a luxurious 1-person option.

The reasons we have the Niak ranked here are the cost and single door and vestibule design. Similar to the Anjan GT above, the Niak is more than double the price of many tents on this list and only worth it for serious outdoorspeople who get out in the backcountry a lot. In addition, there is only one side door on the tent, so it can be a pain for 2 people getting in and out (and there’s only one vestibule for storing gear). But the Niak is ideal for those who care about build quality and weather protection at a reasonable weight... Read in-depth review
See the Hilleberg Niak

 

14. Nemo Hornet 2P ($370)

Nemo Hornet backpacking tentMinimum weight: 2 lbs. 0 oz.
Floor denier: 15D
Capacities: 1P, 2P
What we like: About as light as the Fly Creek but has 2 doors/vestibules.
What we don’t: Tight quarters inside.

For minimalists that still want a tent pole supported and bug-proof shelter, we highly recommend the Nemo Hornet. The standard bearer in this 2-pound category has long been the Fly Creek from Big Agnes, but we think the Hornet beats it in nearly every way. Most importantly, we love the Hornet’s 2-door and 2-vestibule design (the Fly Creek only has a single door at the head-end of the tent). As a tent for thru-hiking or ultralight backpacking, it’s the more livable option of the two, although you still need to take great care of the thin fabric and mesh.

In terms of size, the Hornet is a very snug place to be—noticeably less roomy than the Tiger Wall above—and it wouldn’t be our first choice for waiting out a long storm with a friend. In fact, its best use arguably is for a single backpacker, perhaps with a well-mannered dog, that wants something as light as a bivy but with extra space. And if you’re teetering between the 1-person and 2-person Hornet models, we think the extra 5 ounces of weight is well worth the added breathing room... Read in-depth review
See the Nemo Hornet 2P

 

15. Kelty TraiLogic TN2 ($250)

Kelty TraiLogic TN tentMinimum weight: 4 lbs. 4 oz.
Floor denier: 70D
Capacities: 2P, 3P
What we like: Creative fly design for unobstructed views.
What we don’t: Mesh goes too low for dusty weather.

Much like REI, Kelty targets the value end of the gear spectrum and does a great job balancing price and quality. Released a few years ago, the TraiLogic TN2 has been heralded for its innovative design and spacious interior. In particular, the “Stargazing” tent/rainfly design offers full mesh coverage for a completely open view of the night sky when the rainfly is off (other tents like the Half Dome offer only partial viewing with some mesh and some nylon). When the fly is on, it can be rolled up halfway and easily rolled back down should the weather turn nasty. 

We took the TN2 out for a spin and really like the open views. For clear summer nights, this tent is a winner. However, it’s tough to compete with the REI Half Dome above, which is about $20 cheaper and arguably a better all-around tent for a variety of conditions. We also have concerns about dust: in the quest to drop weight and further improve 360-degree viewing, Kelty extended the mesh on the tent body all the way down to the waterproof tub floor. This leaves you somewhat exposed in windy and dusty conditions, although again, it’s a very cool tent in good weather.
See the Kelty TraiLogic TN2

 

16. Big Agnes Fly Creek HV UL2 ($350)

Big Agnes Fly Creek HV UL2 tentMinimum weight: 1 lb. 15 oz.
Floor denier: 20D
Capacities: 1P, 2P, 3P
What we like: A real tent that weighs as much as a bivy. 
What we don’t: Not everyone loves the single door and thin fabrics.

Fast and light hikers love the Big Agnes Fly Creek UL—the 2-person version weighs in at a measly 1 pounds 15 ounces, which is comparable to a decent bivy sack or hammock. This feathery lightweight is accomplished with a single door at the head end, an interior that tapers towards your feet, and a hubbed pole that runs the length of the tent in a spine-like shape. The tent and rainfly fabrics are also impressively strong despite being so thin they’re semi see-through.

For last year, the pole system received a minor but really important redesign by tilting the hub, which increases the interior space from cramped to more livable. It’s important to be aware that the Fly Creek won’t offer the same protection from the elements as a sturdier tent like the MSR Hubba Hubba above, particularly in heavy rain when the rainfly is prone to sagging onto the tent body (guying it out properly will alleviate this issue). Further, we think the Tiger Wall and Nemo Hornet are the better all-around choices with their 2 door and vestibule designs. But the newfound openness in the interior—plus a $40 drop in price for 2018—should make the Fly Creek a continued favorite for thru-hikers and ultralight backpackers.
See the Big Agnes Fly Creek HV UL2

 

17. Nemo Kunai 2P ($500)

Nemo Kunai 2P backpacking tentMinimum weight: 4 lbs. 0 oz.
Floor denier: 30D
Capacity: 2P
What we like: A 4-season backpacking model.
What we don’t: Doesn’t ventilate as well in the heat.

Every other tent on this list is built for 3-season use, but the Nemo Kunai is a true 4-season model that can withstand winter conditions. Its double-wall design resembles a regular backpacking tent, but a strong pole structure, guyline system, and low-profile design allows it to handle alpine-worthy winds and snowfall. And Nemo kept the weight impressively low check at 4 pounds for this 2-person model, so it’s truly viable for long hauls year-round.

Understandably, the Kunai’s balance of a backpacking-friendly weight and 4-season sturdiness creates a few challenges. First is ventilation in the summer. Without a lot of mesh in the design, the tent can be stuffy in hot weather (a roof vent does help move some air, however). And as a mountaineering tent, the Kunai falls on the light end of the spectrum with relatively thin fabrics and tent poles and a snug interior. But for the right backpacker that gets out all season long, the Kunai is a bomber option.
See the Nemo Kunai 2P

 

18. Alps Mountaineering Lynx 1 ($85)

Alps Mountaineering Lynx 1 backpacking tentMinimum weight: 3 lbs. 8 oz.
Floor denier: 75D
Capacities: 1P, 2P, 4P
What we like: Bargain basement price and good feature set.
What we don’t: Heavy for a 1-person tent; budget build quality.

Alps Mountaineering does not make the lightest tents or use premium materials, but they certainly win out in price. For just $85—and often less than that on Amazon—the Lynx 1 is an awesome value in a solo backpacking tent. All the intangibles are there: the Lynx is decently roomy, offers good weather protection and ventilation including two vents up top, and has a large door and vestibule for storing your gear at night. In terms of durability, the Lynx uses a burly 75D floor and substantial zippers, which is great for those who are hard on their gear. All in all, that’s a lot of bang for your buck.

What are the downsides of the Alps Mountaineering Lynx 1? With a minimum weight of 3 pounds 8 ounces, it’s heavier than many 2-person tents on this list, although those are literally hundreds of dollars more expensive. And given the low cost, the fabrics and poles feel cheaper than mid-range and premium models. But we keep circling back to price, which is why Alps has carved out a loyal following among beginning backpackers and those on a tight budget. In terms of larger versions, the Lynx also is offered in 2-person and 4-person varieties.
See the Alps Mountaineering Lynx 1

 

Backpacking Tent Comparison Table

TENT PRICE WEIGHT Floor Area HEIGHT Door(s) Capacities
Nemo Dagger 2P $400 3 lbs. 5 oz. 30D 31 sq. ft. 42 in. 2 2P, 3P
REI Co-op Half Dome 2 Plus $229 4 lbs. 14 oz. 70D 35.8 sq. ft. 44 in. 2 1P, 2P, 3P, 4P
Big Agnes Copper Spur HV UL3 $500 3 lbs. 7 oz. 20D 41 sq. ft. 43 in. 2 1P, 2P, 3P, 4P
Zpacks Duplex Flex $724 1 lb. 15.2 oz. 1.0 sqyd 28 sq. ft. 48 in. 2 1P, 2P, 3P
MSR Hubba Hubba NX $400 3 lbs. 7 oz. 30D 29 sq. ft. 39 in. 2 1P, 2P, 3P, 4P
REI Co-op Quarter Dome 1 $279 2 lbs. 7 oz. 20D 18.9 sq. ft. 42 in. 1 1P, 2P, 3P
Hilleberg Anjan GT $785 4 lbs. 0 oz. 50D 30.1 sq. ft. 39 in. 1 2P, 3P
Marmot Tungsten 2P $199 4 lbs. 13 oz. 68D 32 sq. ft. 42 in. 2 1P, 2P, 3P, 4P
MSR Papa Hubba NX $600 5 lbs. 15 oz. 30D 53 sq. ft. 44 in. 2 1P, 2P, 3P, 4P
REI Co-op Passage 2 $159 4 lbs. 13 oz. 75D 31.1 sq. ft 40 in. 2 1P, 2P, 3P
Tarptent Double Rainbow $289 2 lbs. 9 oz. 30D 30.5 sq. ft. 43 in. 2 1P, 2P
Big Agnes Tiger Wall UL2 $400 2 lbs. 3 oz. 15D 28 sq. ft. 39 in. 2 2P, 3P
Hilleberg Niak $795 3 lbs. 8 oz. 50D 28 sq. ft. 39 in. 1 2P
Nemo Hornet 2P $370 2 lbs. 0 oz. 15D 28 sq. ft. 40 in. 2 1P, 2P
Kelty TraiLogic TN2 $250 4 lbs. 4 oz. 70D 27.5 sq. ft. 42 in. 2 2P, 3P
Big Agnes Fly Creek HV UL2 $350 1 lb. 15 oz. 20D 28 sq. ft. 39 in. 1 1P, 2P, 3P
Nemo Kunai 2P $500 4 lbs. 0 oz. 30D 27 sq. ft. 42 in. 1 2P
Alps Mountaineering Lynx 1 $85 3 lbs. 8 oz. 75D 20 sq. ft. 36 in. 1 1P, 2P, 4P

 

Backpacking Tent Buying Advice​​

Backpacking Tent Weight

The weight of a backpacking tent may be its most scrutinized feature. In comparing 2-person models, many cheaper tents are around 5 pounds or slightly less (the Marmot Tungsten comes in at 4 pounds 13 ounces, for example). Many of our favorite premium all-rounders break the 4-pound barrier like the Nemo Dagger 2P at 3 pounds 7 ounces. At the far end of the spectrum, a leading ultralight model like the Big Agnes Fly Creek HV UL2 weighs just 1 pound 15 ounces. You can go even lighter with ultralight tarps and trekking-pole shelters, but that’s a separate article altogether (everything included here has poles).
REI Quarter Dome 2 (2017)

It’s important to note that there aren’t hard-and-fast industry rules as to what defines “ultralight” or “lightweight.” Generally, as tent weight goes down, you compromise on things like interior space, durability, weather protection, and price (ultralight tents often are quite expensive). From our experience, around 3 pounds and under for a 2-person model is where you start seeing significant shifts in design. These ultralight tents push the limits on durability for the all-out goal of trimming weight wherever possible. You’ll see thin fabric, zippers, and poles, sloped walls and tapered ceilings, and impressively small packed sizes. These ultralight tents are great for serious, ounce-counting backpackers who take good care of their gear and really use it, but aren’t ideal for the beginner or casual crowd.

There is no one-size-fits-all solution as to the perfect tent weight. If you don’t mind carrying a couple of extra pounds in your pack, the hike is short, or you value space and durability, a tent like the REI Co-op Half Dome 2 Plus is a terrific option and reasonably priced. If you’re a thru-hiker moving 20 miles a day with an ultralight pack that only handle a 30-pound load, it’s probably worth spending up for a premium ultralight shelter. For people who fall somewhere in between—which represents a healthy percentage of backpackers—we love tents like the aforementioned Nemo Dagger and MSR Hubba Hubba NX, which strike a nice balance between weight and livability.
 

Packaged Weight vs. Minimum Weight

The weights that we have listed in the tables above are the minimum weight (also referred to as "trail weight"). This includes only the tent body, rain fly, and poles. Another popular spec to list is packaged weight, which is everything that comes from the manufacturer: the tent body, rainfly, poles, stakes, guylines, repair sleeve, and tent and stake bags. The difference between the two comes to about 5 to 7 ounces on average for a 2-person tent.
Minimum Weight (tents)

Unfortunately, neither specification is a perfect representation of what a typical backpacker brings on a trip. Most notably, minimum weight leaves out the stakes, which is essential for securing a tent to the ground. On the other hand, packaged weight isn’t accurate either. Some manufacturers include quite a few guylines, which you may want to leave behind, and we often ditch the tent pole bag and just strap the poles to the outside of our pack. We recommend looking at both numbers when choosing a tent—your true carry weight will likely fall in the middle. To throw another wrench into the tent weight question, keep in mind that most packaged weights don’t include a footprint. Those typically add another 5 to 10 ounces to the all-in weight.
 

Interior Space: Floor Area, Peak Height, and Walls

In parsing out how roomy a given tent is, there are a couple important specs to look for. First are the floor dimensions (L x W), or floor area (listed in square feet), and we list the latter in our table above. The numbers range from a snug 27 square feet in the 2-person Nemo Kunai to the spacious 53 square foot MSR Papa Hubba NX. This number will give you a general idea of interior space for comparing tents and whether or not you will be able to fit wide or long sleeping pads side-by-side. The second spec is the peak height of the tent, the tallest point of the interior.

Both measurements are important in determining the interior comfort of a tent, but they do not tell the entire story. For one, the floor area is based off of measurements taken right at floor level. Depending on the slope of the walls, the actual usable space inside may be substantially different. Further, the peak height only is taken at the tallest point in the tent and doesn’t account for how much of the ceiling is that tall. The good news is that the recent trend in tent design is toward vertical walls and large, open spaces overhead, so even ultralight tents are becoming more livable (including the recently updated Big Agnes Copper Spur HV). We think checking these specs are still important, but make sure to look at the tent shape to get a good idea of the actual space inside.
REI Half Dome (hubbed pole structure)

Finally, keep an eye on the shape of the tent and whether or not it slopes toward one end. For example, the Nemo Hornet slopes heavily toward the feet end of the tent and therefore you can only sit up in one area (and can’t sleep two in opposite directions). But the Nemo Dagger is much roomier with a dome shape that is consistent on both ends of the tent. The Dagger weighs considerably more than the Hornet, but the latter sacrifices livable space in a big way. What you prioritize is up to you. 
 

Number of Doors

This article covers mostly 2-person backpacking models (the most common capacity), and a quick look at our top picks above shows our clear preference for tents with 2 doors. These designs are far more convenient for getting in and out of the tent, and most include a vestibule outside of each door for extra storage space. Not all 1-door designs should be treated equally, however. A single door at the head end of the tent, like what you get with the Big Agnes Fly Creek and Nemo Kunai, is easier to access than 1 side door, which requires crawling over your tent mate to get outside (not a fun thing to do in the middle of the night). On the other hand, a 2-door design makes life around camp that much easier, and in the cases of the Nemo Hornet and Big Agnes Copper Spur, has little impact on total weight.
Backpacking 2-person tent

Storage: Vestibules and Interior Pockets

Tent storage can be broken into two categories: vestibules and gear closets outside the tent, and pockets inside the tent body for small items you need close at hand. A traditional vestibule covers the entry door to the tent with enough space for a couple backpacking packs and footwear. Without it, your options are bringing the wet and grimy gear inside the tent or letting it soak outside. Needless to say, we put a priority on some sort of outside gear storage. Sierra Designs and their distinctive Lightning tent doesn’t have a traditional vestibule, but the rainfly design does include 2 gear closets on either side, which accomplish the same thing.

A tent with excellent interior organization isn’t a top priority, that is, until you get into the tent for the first time and look for a spot to store your headlamp, handheld GPS, or other small items. We’ve found the most helpful area for a pocket is near your head, and a simple mesh drop-in pocket or two is sufficient. Some tents have pockets along the interior of the roof, which make for an easy place to squeeze in a headlamp to light up a game of cards. Should the tent not include pockets along the roof, look to see if it has hang loops instead for securing a light. These extra little details can make your backcountry camping experience all the more enjoyable.
Backpacking tents (Anjan vestibule)

Durability (Denier)

In terms of tent durability, you’ll often see manufacturers list the “denier” rating of their fabrics, which is a measurement of the fabric yarn’s weight. While there are variables such as quality and construction type, a lower denier generally indicates a thinner and less durable fabric. Most tents list the denier of the tent floor, canopy, and rain fly. The area most vulnerable to punctures or tears is the floor, so we have listed that number for each tent in the specs and comparison table above.

Logically, denier lines up with the total weight of the tent: Nemo’s 2-pound Hornet has a very thin 15D floor, while the sturdy 5-pound REI Half Dome is 70D. Ultralight gear certainly requires an extra level of care—we typically recommend using a footprint with lightweight tents and checking your campsite for sharp sticks or rocks—but it’s a sacrifice many are willing to accept to reduce their pack weight. We prefer a tent that balances weight and durability, which is one of the reasons why the Nemo Dagger (and its 30D floor) gets our top spot.
Tungsten (durability)

As we mentioned above, strictly using denier to compare tents isn’t a perfect method in determining durability. One way manufacturers increase tear strength and longevity is by adding a silicone coating (also referred to as “silnylon”). High-end tents like the Hilleberg Anjan and Niak have 3 layers of silicone on both sides of their ripstop nylon, which gives a significant boost in strength with a minimal weight penalty. This is an expensive process—there’s a reason Hilleberg tents are $700 or more—but the payoff is incredible toughness even on a tent like the Anjan that uses otherwise thin 20-denier fabric. You'll also find this technology on some premium tents from brands like Big Agnes and MSR (and to varying degrees), although it certainly doesn't filter down to the low end of the market.
 

Weather Protection

Your first line of defense in bad weather is the rainfly. As the name indicates, the rainfly covers the exposed tent body for increased resistance from precipitation, wind, and cold. Even ultralight designs have a waterproof coating, are seam taped, and can withstand hours of downpour without leaking, provided they cover the entire tent body (we’ve found that most leakage actually comes from the ground around the bottom of the tent). We almost always recommend a full coverage rainfly, although some tents like the Nemo Hornet have impressive weather resistance even with some sections only protected by the tent body.
Hilleberg Niak Mt. Shuksan

The next factor in weather resistance is the tent structure. In general, more expensive tents offer increased weather resistance (some ultralight models are exceptions). The poles and pole systems on budget tents are likely to bow during strong winds, while high-end tents like those from Hilleberg have stronger poles and tons of exterior ties to anchor yourself down during a storm.

A healthy percentage of people get up to the mountains a few weekends a year during the summer months, and encounter moderate conditions in terms of temperature, wind and precipitation. If you fall into this category, all on our list should perform admirably. We once slept in an older version of the REI Half Dome for six consecutive weeks in Patagonia with only a couple of uncomfortable nights during big storms. That being said, subsequent trips in a Hilleberg did make us appreciate the quality and bombproof feeling you get in a high-end tent.
ZPacks Duplex (snow)

Ventilation

How well a tent ventilates depends on a couple of factors. First, look at the amount of mesh on the tent itself. A double-wall tent (the tent body and rainfly being two independent pieces) with liberal amounts of mesh should breathe well in mild weather. Leave the rainfly off and the tent will be even more comfortable in hot temperatures so long as the sun isn't hitting you directly. With the rainfly on, things get a little trickier. A standard rainfly has a waterproof coating to help protect the interior from getting wet, which also means the rainfly doesn’t ventilate very well, and moisture from your breath is trapped inside, creating a dewy interior.
Big Agnes Tiger Wall (mesh ventilation)

So what can you do? Tent manufacturers combat these problems by installing roof vents towards the top of the rainfly that can be deployed even in the rain. The vents are covered from the top by the rainfly fabric, so only in a strong storm with rain coming sideways will there be an issue with raindrops reaching the interior. By creating good airflow out the top of the tent, along with good spacing between the rainfly and tent body at the bottom, problems with moisture collecting on the interior of the tent can be greatly reduced. And some tents like the Kelty TN2 and REI Half Dome have convertible-like rainfly designs that roll back fairly easily. You can leave half of the rainfly open for ventilation and star gazing, but if you feel a couple of rain drops during the night, it only takes a few seconds to roll the rainfly back down.
Backpacking Tent (REI vents)

Price: Serious vs. Casual Backpacking

Ask yourself these fairly simple questions: How often do you plan on getting out backpacking? Where are you headed? Do you plan on covering a lot of miles each day? If the answers are, “a lot” and “everywhere,” it may be worth purchasing an expensive tent. As we’ve touched on in the sections above, spending more yields tangible benefits. Trail weight and packed size goes down, and higher quality fabrics and pole designs stand up better to foul weather.

On average, most casual backpackers are happiest with a spacious, proven design and aren’t obsessed with trimming every possible ounce. It’s more about being comfortable and staying on a budget. These considerations are what make the $159 REI Co-op Passage 2 and $85 Alps Mountaineering Lynx such popular choices: they’re easy to set up, are made with fabrics that are thick enough for bringing kids or dogs, and offer maybe three quarters the performance of an expensive model at half the price. If the weather isn’t going to get nasty and the 1-2 extra pounds don’t matter much to you, a lightweight tent is a great option.
Nemo Hornet 2P lightweight tent

Set up and Take Down

The good news for backpackers is that setting up a modern tent has become surprisingly easy. Many of us remember the fabric sleeves of old that were both time consuming and extremely frustrating, but the majority of tents now use simple clips that take a matter of seconds to attach. In addition, tent poles have become streamlined and come together with ease. To set up most tents, you simply lay out your footprint if you have one, stake out the corners, attach the poles, and clip everything together. From there, the rainfly often can be the trickiest part (we’ve put ours on inside or backwards more times than we can count), plus you have those small Velcro attachments on the inside. But the whole process usually takes just a few minutes from start to finish, which is fantastic.

It’s worth noting that some ultralight tent systems can be more finicky to set up and definitely require some practice. When using shelters like the Zpacks Duplex Flex, we found ourselves fumbling a bit to get everything taut and in place. And because Hilleberg tents are designed so uniquely, it can take a few tries to get set-up speed where you want it to be. Regardless of your tent choice, it’s always a good idea to set it up at home first. Not only will this help guarantee that you know what you’re doing in the backcountry when the conditions may be more challenging, but it also ensures that you have all of the necessary components.
 

What Does Freestanding Mean?

The term freestanding means that by attaching poles to the tent body, it has a solid structure and can stand completely on its own. Non-freestanding or semi-freestanding tents need to be staked out in some (or all) of the corners to create a rigid frame. The benefit of a freestanding tent is a simple setup that is far easier to move from one area of your campsite to another. As a result, most mainstream tents on the market are freestanding. Non-freestanding tents require fewer pole sections, which reduces weight, and are a popular choice for backcountry enthusiasts that are well versed in choosing a good campsite and erecting a tent.  
Tarptent Double Rainbow

Tent Poles and Stakes

You’re getting to the nitty gritty with tent pole and stake research, but there are some important details to cover. Regarding tent poles, nearly every quality backpacking tent uses aluminum poles (the carbon fiber Zpacks Duplex Flex and MSR Carbon Reflex are two notable exceptions). The material is relatively affordable, lightweight, and will flex quite a bit prior to failing. Name brand poles like Easton or DAC are easier to trust, but that’s not to say there aren’t some quality generic aluminum poles offered. Hubbed pole designs are growing in popularity for their rigidity—a single pole unit holds the tent together tautly—and as a result are found on a number of our favorite tents.
DAC tent poles

No matter the tent style or manufacturer, stakes are an integral part of setting up a tent. Most 2-person tents will include 6: one for each corner and one for each side of the vestibule. That’s all fine and good for setup for mild conditions, but it’s insufficient for bad weather when you want to use guylines. Thus, you may want to purchase some extra stakes, and it may be worth replacing your stock ones as well. Cheaper hook-style aluminum stakes come with most tents and can be a pain to use because they’re too thick and round to easily sink into the ground, and have a tendency to bend when being hammered in. Thankfully, upgrading isn’t very expensive. We really like the MSR Groundhogs: they are light, tough and easy to put in the ground. And the DAC stakes that come with the Hilleberg Niak and Anjan are some of the best we've used.
Backpacking tent stakes

Footprints and Tent Care

We’ll start by noting that a footprint is optional. These simple tarps go beneath your tent to provide an extra layer of protection, can help when it’s wet (make sure to avoid pooling as that can have the opposite effect), and offer extra piece of mind for your investment. On the other hand, they add additional cost (a $40 footprint would increase the cost of a $200 tent by a whopping 20% percent) and weight to your pack (many footprints are between 5 and 10 ounces). It’s not an easy call either way.
Backpacking Tent (footprint)

Here’s our take: a footprint is a good idea if your tent is thin in terms of denier (see the durability section above), you plan on camping on rough surfaces like granite, you tend to be careless with your gear, or you don’t have the risk tolerance for a torn floor, which can be tough to fix. If you have a durable tent and are camping on dirt, it’s unlikely that your tent will rip, although certainly not impossible.

When buying a footprint, you can get one specifically designed for your tent, which will be precut to the proper dimensions and the grommets will attach to the tent poles directly. It’s an integrated system that you don’t need to worry about, and if your tent has a fast-pitch option, you can use just a footprint, rainfly, and tent poles to set up an ultralight shelter. In addition, a popular DIY choice for making a generic ground cloth is to pick up bulk Tyvek. This relatively thin and packable material is cheap and offers sufficient waterproof protection, although it will not clip into your tent (this can make things a little challenging in windy conditions). Or you can purchase an emergency blanket like the Space All-Weather Blanket and trim it to fit. Place the silver side up, and you get the added benefit of your heat reflecting back up to you.
Back to Our Top Backpacking Tent Picks   Back to Our Backpacking Tent Comparison Table

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