For the best in cozy and lofty warmth, down jackets are in a class of their own. That said, the category covers a wide range of options, from lightweight and packable designs for backcountry use to stylish and hardwearing models for your winter commutes. Below we break down the primary considerations in choosing the right down jacket, including selecting the ideal amount of warmth, explaining fill power and fill weight, the importance of shell durability, and more. And to check out our top picks, see our article on the best down jackets


1. How Much Warmth Do You Need?

Down jackets vary substantially in terms of warmth. On the lightweight end of the spectrum, popular models like the Mountain Hardwear Ghost Whisperer/2 provide sufficient insulation for summer backpacking and shoulder-season conditions, while a winter-ready piece like the Feathered Friends Khumbu Parka is packed with enough down to handle sub-zero temperatures. To help clarify the different types of down jackets and when and where they excel, we cover the three main categories below:


Lightweight Down Jackets

A healthy percentage of down jackets fall into the lightweight category. In general, we think of designs that have approximately 3-4 ounces of down fill as being lightweight, which means that they are great for shoulder seasons, warmer winter days, or as a midlayer for skiing. Depending on what you wear underneath and level of activity, a lightweight down jacket can provide sufficient warmth to right around freezing. For anything colder than that, you’ll want to look in the categories below. One of the most popular lightweight down jackets is the Patagonia Down Sweater, which is an extremely versatile piece. Down jackets (Patagonia Down Sweater)


Midweight Down Jackets

Midweight jackets represent the smallest category here but an underrated one. Models like the Mountain Equipment Skyline pack in 6.3 ounces of 700-fill down, and the updated-for-2019 Montbell Mirage Parka nicely balances an ultralight construction with a healthy 5.6 ounces of 900-fill down. In practice, these jackets offer a noticeable boost in warmth compared to their lightweight counterparts above. We’ve worn midweight jackets with just a t-shirt on into the teens Fahrenheit and stayed warm and cozy throughout. 


Heavyweight Down Jackets

For true winter conditions, a heavyweight down jacket is your best bet. These burly designs have the highest amount of down fill on the market and often have weather-resistant shell fabrics, large hoods, and longer cuts for protection below the waist. In addition, many heavy-duty winter jackets see a drop in down quality (more on this in “fill power” below) as they tend to take on a more casual slant. Our favorite model for everyday wear and commuting is The North Face McMurdo III, and on the other side of the spectrum, the Rab Neutrino Pro is more performance-oriented for serious outdoor use. For a complete look at the heavyweight down jacket options, see our article on the best winter jacketsDown jackets (Rab Neutrino Pro)


2. Down Fill Power vs. Fill Weight

Two of the most commonly confused specs in the outdoor gear world are fill power and fill weight. Fill power measures down’s quality or amount of loft, with premium models hitting the 800-fill mark or higher. Fill weight, on the other hand, is the total amount of down in the jacket. Many manufacturers and retailers put a heavy emphasis on fill power—sometimes going as far as sewing the number onto the jacket’s cuff—but we’re here to tell you fill weight is equally important.

In choosing a down jacket, sometimes the warmth comparisons are easy. If two jackets are 800-fill-power, it’s very straightforward to check the fill weights and see how much warmer one is compared to the other. If the fill weights differ—say, 800-fill down and 650-fill down—it becomes a bit more challenging. Lower-fill-power down does have less loft and therefore creates less warmth for the weight, so it’s a sliding scale and each case is unique. In general, we always try to evaluate the fill power and fill weight together to make an informed decision.


3. Daily Wear or the Backcountry?

A key consideration in choosing a down jacket is how you intend to use it. At the end of the day, ultralight materials designed for the backcountry are expensive and less durable. For example, the Arc’teryx Cerium LT is a beautifully constructed down jacket with premium 850-fill-power down, a very thin 10-denier shell fabric, and a host of backcountry-focused features. For summer backpacking or as a midlayer for skiing, the Cerium LT may be worth the steep $379 price tag (it also looks great, which is a nice bonus). Alpine-centric brand Montbell makes some even more outdoor-focused pieces that are even lighter and thinner.Down jackets (Arc'teryx Cerium LT)

However, if you only plan on wearing your down jacket around town and for light outdoor use when counting ounces isn’t paramount, you can save a lot of money without compromising in warmth. A jacket like the Outdoor Research Transcendent Hoody is nearly as warm as the Cerium LT yet costs a more reasonable $225, and REI makes the 650 Down Jacket 2.0 for a bargain-basement $100 (the hooded version is $119). The larger point is: if you don’t need high-end, ultralight materials, going with more of an everyday down jacket can be a great way to save, and you’ll most likely get in bump in durability to boot. 


4. Weight and Packability

Continuing along the same lines as “use” above, weight matters to a lot to people in the outdoor gear world. And among down jackets, the number can vary quite a bit. On the ultralight end is something like Montbell’s wild Plasma 1000 Jacket that weighs an incredible 4.8 ounces (although we do have a number of issues with its build and fit), while a casual winter parka like the burly McMurdo III from The North Face tips the scales at nearly 4 pounds. The good news is that many lightweight down jackets are in the range of 8 to 15 ounces, so the decision isn’t so stark. Again, cutting ounces often means higher-fill-power down, thinner shell fabrics, lighter zippers, and less in the way of features. In addition, many lightweight pieces are more expensive than their casual counterparts. 

Closely aligned to a down jacket’s weight is its packability. All of the factors covered above, including high fill powers, thin materials, simplified feature sets, and even trim fits, help decrease packed size. Whether or not this matters to you again goes back to when and where you’ll be wearing the jacket. And it’s also worth noting that even some of the casual pieces like REI’s 650 Down Jacket 2.0 can be easily squeezed in a pack or suitcase (although around-town winter designs like the McMurdo are exceptions). In terms of how the jackets can be stored, some models come with a separate stuff sack, which we like but have a tendency to lose eventually. Others can be stuffed into their own hand pocket or chest pocket via a two-sided zipper. And some larger and more casual pieces like the McMurdo aren’t packable at all due to their thick shell materials. Regardless, it’s best to leave your down jacket unstuffed when storing it so that the plumage retains its maximum loft over time.Down jackets (packability)


5. Weather Protection

We’ll start by saying that down is not known for being able to withstand wet conditions on its own. When exposed to moisture, it clumps and loses its ability to insulate, which is bad news if you need the warmth. For this reason, we often choose a synthetic jacket if being used as our outer layer in tough weather, or we bring a rain jacket or hardshell along in our pack for the extra protection. 

The good news is that most modern down jackets have a range of features to help mitigate light to moderate precipitation. First, many have a durable water repellant (DWR) treatment on the shell that helps moisture bead up and run off instead of soaking in. Again, this is good for light rain and snow, but in extended downpours, DWR gives in fairly quickly. We’re also seeing a number of different versions of water-repellant and hydrophobic down on the market. In these cases, the down itself is treated so that it resists absorbing moisture better than untreated down. Last but not least, some down jackets like the REI Co-op Stormhenge 850 are actually waterproof. With a 2-layer waterproof shell, or even a 3-layer shell like the high-end Arc’teryx Macai, you get the best of both worlds: the warmth and puffy feel of down with full wind and water protection.Down jackets (weather protection)


6. Durability

Similar to weight, the durability of your down jacket can vary significantly. Fabric thickness is measured in denier, or “D,” and the lower the number the thinner the shell fabric. Ultralight pieces from brands like Montbell and Arc’teryx go as thin as 7D and require a lot of extra care to avoid snags and tears (these are not ideal everyday jackets). Moving more toward the middle of the spectrum, the Patagonia Down Sweater is 20Dx30D, which keeps the jacket reasonably light but also makes it considerably tougher. And full-on winter jackets like The North Face McMurdo III have thick, burly shells that do an excellent job at resisting tears. 

In terms of durability, the key thing to consider here is what your intended uses are. For an everyday jacket, we prefer going with a model that is at least 20D—this will offer enough toughness for walking by branches, playing with your dog, and doing most normal activities. When you step down into the 15D realm and below, the materials start to get very thin, more crinkly, and sometimes even slightly transparent. The sacrifices in durability are worth it for those carrying weight on their backs for long distances or high into the mountains, but normal folks are better off with more practical fabrics.Down jackets (durability)


7. Sustainability: Ethical Sourcing and Recycled Materials

The insulation used in down jackets is sourced from ducks and/or geese, which raises some difficult ethical questions. Concerns over live-plucking and other harsh treatments of animals have plagued the industry in the past, but we’ve seen a significant shift in recent years. A growing number of brands are adhering to the Responsible Down Standard (you’ll see references to “RDS”), and Patagonia has been a key leader in this area by implementing their own Traceable Down criteria. The goal of each of these standards is to provide transparency in the sourcing process and eliminate live-plucking and other inhumane practices like force-feeding. Additionally, the use of recycled materials has increased dramatically, with no noticeable impact on performance and durability. And a final piece of good news: you can even find budget-oriented models being made with a sustainable ethos, including REI Co-op’s 650 Down Jacket 2.0


8. Hood and Other Features

Once you’ve settled on a specific down jacket model, one of the major design decisions you’ll need to make is whether you want a hood. To summarize, a hood adds a nice dose of extra warmth around your head and neck, but also bumps up the weight and cost slightly. For example, the men’s Patagonia Down Sweater is $229 and 13.1 ounces, while the Hoody version is $279 and 15.1 ounces. In practice, we prefer a hood in most instances including daily wear (it’s always nice to throw the hood on when the mercury drops) and for backpacking (we often wear the hood at night). But for use as a midlayer for activities like downhill skiing, we don’t recommend going with a hood as it won’t fit over your ski helmet, and the extra fabric and material is prone to bunching around your neck. At the end of the day, this is largely a personal choice. But if you’re still on the fence and want to take a deeper dive into the topic, check out our article: Does Your Down Jacket Need a Hood?.Down jackets (hood)


9. Cost

In the topics above, you’re heard about many of the differences among down jackets: fill power, fill weight, denier, features, and more. All of these affect the price to some degree, and the cost range for down jackets is fairly large. At the budget end of the spectrum, we love the REI Co-op 650 Down Jacket, which is $100 but offers an impressive amount of warmth and clean styling for the price (it’s currently our favorite cheap down jacket). From an ultra-premium brand like Arc’teryx, you can spend $379 for the lightweight Cerium LT and a whopping $949 for the waterproof Macai ski jacket (many people use the Macai as a winter jacket as well, which gives you more bang for the buck). The good news is that just about everyone should have an option to fit their desired price range and use cases, and if you’re willing to step down the fill power and premium fabrics and features, there are excellent deals to be had. For a complete list of current top designs, see our detailed guide to the best down jackets.Down jackets (comparison)


10. Fit

Last but not least, a great jacket that you’re going to have for years needs to fit well, so don’t overlook this aspect. In general, certain brands tend to run baggier than others. For example, we often find that REI Co-op, Patagonia, Mountain Hardwear, and Columbia often are a bit boxy (to varying degrees), while Arc’teryx, Feathered Friends, and Mountain Equipment have more of a slim or athletic fit. This can impact how you are able to layer underneath or overtop, and it affects comfort and warmth too. To be clear, however, there are plenty of exceptions within each brand lineup, so don’t consider these to be hard-and-fast truths. It’s best to try the jackets on in person, but if that’s not an option, you can glean some details from how a manufacturer lists the fit (slim, regular, etc.). In addition, for all of our in-depth down jacket reviews, we have a specific section on fit and call out exactly how that model runs.
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